3.07 Threatened & Endangered Species

(Anchor 2003) Anchor Environmental, LLC. 2003.  Preliminary Report, Thorndyke Resource Operations Complex,  Central Conveyor and Pier Project:  Potential Effects on Longshore Sediment Transport and Shoreline Processes.  Prepared for Reid Middleton. February 2003.

(Casillas 1998) Casillas, E., Crockett, L., deReynier, Y., Glock, J., Helvey, M., Meyer, B., Schmitt, C., Yoklavich, M.,  Bailey, A., Chao, B., Johnson, B., and Pepperell, T. 1998.  Essential Fish Habitat, West Coast Groundfish Appendix.National Marine Fisheries Service, Seattle, Washington.

(DeLacy 1972) DeLacy, A.C., Miller, B.S., and Borton, S.F. 1972. Checklist of Puget Sound Fishes.  Washington State Sea Grant. Publication 72-3.

(Drake 2010) Drake J.S., Berntson, E.A., Cope, J.M., Gustafson, R.G., Holmes, E.E., Levin, P.S., Tolimieri, N., Waples, R.S., Sog­ard, S.M., and Williams, G.D. 2010. Status review of five rockfish species in Puget Sound, Washington:  bocaccio (Sebastes pau­cispinis), canary rockfish (S. pinniger), yelloweye rockfish (S. ruberrimus), greenstriped rockfish (S. elongatus), and redstripe rockfish (S. proriger). NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NWFSC-108.

(Duffy 2003) Duffy, E.J. 2003. Early marine distribution and trophic interactions of juvenile salmon in Puget Sound. Master's thesis. University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

(Environalysis 2011) Environalysis, LLC. 2011.  Noise Study for the Thorndyke Resources Operations Complex (T-ROC) Central Conveyor and Pier Project.  September 1, 2011.

(Feist 1996) Feist, B.E., Anderson, J.J., and Miyamoto, R. 1996.  Potential Impacts of Pile Driving on Juvenile Pink (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) and Chum (O. keta) Salmon Behavior and Distribution.  Fisheries Research Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. Report FRI‑UW‑9603.

(FHA 2012) FHA (Federal Highway Administration), USFWS (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service), and WSDOT (Washington State Department of Transportation). 2012.  Memorandum:  Agreement for Criteria for Injury to the Marbled Murrelet from Noise.  February 28, 2012.

(Forsman 1997) Forsman, E.D., and Giese, A.R. 1997.  Nests of Northern Spotted Owls on the Olympic Peninsula, Washington. Wilson Bulletin 109:28–41.

(GeoEngineers 2008) GeoEngineers, Inc. 2008.  Memorandum To Jefferson County: Draft Data Gap Analysis for the Marine Water Quality Element Pit-to-Pier Project.  November 19, 2008.  File # 12060-001-01. 

(GeoResources 2009) GeoResources, Inc. 2009. Preliminary Geological Investigation of Aggregate Resource, Meridian Extraction Area, Thorndyke Mineral Resource Area, Jefferson County, Washington, USA. Sec. 7 & 18 T27N R1E and Sec. 12 and 13 T27N R1W, Willamette Meridian. November 6, 2009.

(GeoResources 2013) GeoResources, Inc. 2013.  Hydrogeologic Consultation, Potential Impacts – Thorndyke Creek.  February 6, 2013.

(Hart Crowser 2008) Hart Crowser, 2008.  Thorndyke Conveyor, Macrovegetation Survey, Port Orchard, Washington.  Prepared for Fred Hill Materials.

(Hart Crowser 2013) Hart Crowser, Inc.. 2013. Draft Thorndyke Resource Biological Evaluation Jefferson County, Washington. Prepared for Thorndyke Resource. June 20, 2013. Project Number 12674-04.

(Hartt 1986) Hartt, A.C., and Dell, M.B. 1986.  Early oceanic migrations and growth of juvenile Pacific salmon and steelhead trout. Int. North Pac. Fish. Comm. Bull. 46.

(Healey 1991) Healey, M.C., 1991.  Life History of Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), in  Pacific Salmon Life Histories. C. Groot and L. Margolis, editors.  UBC Press, Vancouver, B.C., Canada.

(Healey 2003) Hirschi, R., Labbe, T., and Carter-Mortimer, A. 2003.  Shoreline Alterations in Hood Canal and the Eastern Strait of Juan de Fuca. Point No Point Treaty Council Technical Report 03-1. 

(ICF Jones 2009) ICF Jones & Stokes, and Illingworth and Rodkin, Inc. 2009.  Technical Guidance for Assessment and Mitigation of the Hydroacoustic Effects of Pile Driving on Fish.  Prepared for the California Department of Transportation.  February 2009.

(Illingworth 2012) Illingworth and Rodkin, Inc. 2012.  Naval Base Kitsap at Bangor Test Pile Program – Acoustics Monitoring Report. Bangor, WA.  April 17, 2012.

(Longenbaugh 2010) Longenbaugh, M. 2010.  Personal communication between Matt Longenbaugh, Central Puget Sound Branch Chief, National Marine Fisheries Service, and Bill Kalina, Environmental Site Manager, NAVMAG Indian Island, Port Hadlock, WA, re:  clarification on effect determination for eulachon for Hood Canal and Puget Sound. June 30, 1010. 

(Miller 1980) Miller, B.S., and Borton, S.F. 1980. Geographical distribution of Puget Sound Fishes: Maps and data source sheets.  Fisheries Research Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. 

(Moore 2010) Moore, M.E., Berejikian, B.A. and Tezak, E.P. 2010.  Early Marine Survival and Behavior of Steelhead Smolts through Hood Canal and the Strait of Juan de Fuca. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 139:49-61.

(NMFS 1999) NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service). 1999.  A Guide to Biological Assessments.  Attachment 1:  Final ESA Section 7 Consultation Handbook, March 1998; Attachment 2:  Making Endangered Species Act Determinations of Effect for Individual or Grouped Actions at the Watershed Scale.

(NMFS 2003) NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service). 2003.  Alaska Fishery Science Center, processed report 2003-10. Marine protected areas and early life-history of fishes.

(NMFS 2006) NMFS, 2006.  Designation of Critical Habitat for Southern Resident Killer Whales:  Biological Report.  October 2006.  44 pp.

(NMFS 2009) NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service).  2009.  Final Biological Report: Designation of Critical Habitat for the threatened Southern Distinct Population Segment of North American Green Sturgeon.

(NOAA 2013a) NOAA (National Oceanic & Atmospheric Agency). 2013a. NOAA Fisheries GIS Data: Critical Habitat. Available at http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/gis/data/critical.htm.  [Accessed July 2013].

(NOAA 2013b) NOAA (National Oceanic & Atmospheric Agency). 2013b. ESA-Listed Marine Mammals. Available at: http://www.westcoast.fisheries.noaa.gov/protected_species/marine_mammals/esa.html [Accessed April 2014]

(Ono 2010) Ono, K., Simenstad, C.A., Toft, J.D., Southard, S.L., Sobocinski, K.L., and Borde, A. 2010.  Assessing and Mitigating Dock Shading Impacts on the Behavior of Juvenile Pacific Salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.): Can Artificial Light Mitigate the Effects?  Washington Department of Transportation. Research Report No. WA-RD 755.1.  July 2010.

(Palsson 2009) Palsson, W.A., Tsou, T.S., Bargmann, G.G., Buckley, R.M., West, J.E., Mills, M.L., Cheng, Y.W., and Capunski, R.F. 2009.  The Biology and Assessment of Rockfishes in Puget Sound. Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife.  FPT 09-04

(PFMC 1998a) PFMC (Pacific Fishery Management Council). 1998a. Final Environmental Assessment/Regulatory Review for Amendment 11 to the Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery Management Plan. October 1998.

(PFMC 1998b) PFMC (Pacific Fishery Management Council). 1998b. The Coastal Pelagic Species Fishery Management Plan:  Amendment 8. December 1998.

(PFMC 1999) PFMC (Pacific Fishery Management Council).  1999.  Amendment 14 to the Pacific Coast Salmon Plan:  Appendix B: Description and Identification of Essential Fish Habitat, Adverse Impacts and Recommended Conservation Measures for Salmon. August 1999.

(Ruggerone 2008) Ruggerone, G.T.,  Goodman, S.E., and  Miner, R. 2008.  Behavioral response and survival of juvenile coho salmon to pile driving sounds. Natural Resources Consultants, Inc., for Port of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

(SSDC 2007) SSDC (Shared Strategy Development Committee). 2007.  Puget Sound Salmon Recovery Plan, Volume I.  Adopted by the National Marine Fisheries Service.  January 19, 2007.

(Sharpe 2005a) Sharpe, F. 2005a.  Species of Federal Concern: Thorndyke Operations Complex: Marbled Murrelet Assessment (Brachyramphus marmoratus).  January 2005. 

(Sharpe 2005b) Sharpe, F., 2005b.  Species of Federal Concern: Thorndyke Operations Complex: Bald Eagle Assessment (Haliaeetus leucocephalus).  January 2005. 

(Simenstad 1999) Simenstad CA, Nightingale BJ, Thom RM, Shreffler DK. 1999. Impacts of Ferry Terminals on Juvenile Salmon Migrating along Puget Sound Shoreline, Phase 1: Synthesis of State of Knowledge. Prepared for the Washington State Transportation Commission. Research Project T9903, Task A2, Olympia, WA.

(Simenstad 2006) Simenstad, C, M Logsdon, K. Fresh, H. Shipman, M. Dethier, J. Newton. 2006. Conceptual model for assessing restoration of Puget Sound nearshore ecosystems. Puget Sound Nearshore Partnership Report No. 2006-03. Published by Washington Sea Grant Program, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

(StreamNet 2014) StreamNet 2014 Available at: http://www.streamnet.org [Accessed June 2013]

(Stick 2009) Stick, K.C., and Lindquist, A. 2009.  2008 Washington State Herring Stock Status Report. Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. Stock Status Report No. FPA 09-05.  November 2009. 

(FWS 2013) USFWS (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service). 2013.  Endangered Species Information:  Marbled Murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus). Available at http://www.fws.gov/arcata/es/birds/mm/m_murrelet.html. [Accessed July 2013].

(Navy 2011) US Navy (U.S. Department of the Navy). 2011.  PreFinal Environmental Assessment:  Test Pile Program.  Naval Base Kitsap Bangor Waterfront. Naval Base Kitsap Bangor.  Silverdale, WA. February 2011.

(Navy 2012) United States Navy, 2012.  TRIDENT Support Facilities Explosives Handling Wharf (EHW-2) Final Environmental Impact Statement, Naval Base Kitsap at Bangor Silverdale, WA. 2012 Available at https://www.nbkeis.com/ehw/ [Accessed July 2013]

(Navy 2013a) US Navy, 2013a.  Naval Kitsap Bangor Explosives Handling Wharf 2.  Draft Year 1 Marbled Murrelet Monitoring Report (2012-2013). Bangor, Washington.  Prepared for Naval Facilities Engineering Command.  Prepared by Hart Crowser, Inc.

(Navy 2013b) US Navy, 2013b.  Naval Kitsap Bangor Explosives Handling Wharf 2.  Draft Year 1 Marine Mammal Monitoring Report (2012-2013). Bangor, Washington.  Prepared for Naval Facilities Engineering Command.  Prepared by Hart Crowser, Inc.

(VanBlaricom 1982) VanBlaricom, G.R. 1982. Experimental analyses of structural regulation in a marine sand community exposed to oceanic swell. Ecological Monographs 52:283-305. In Quantifying the Ecological Impacts of Geoduck (Panopea generaosa) Aquaculture Harvest Practices on Benthic Infauna.  J. Price, Master Thesis, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. 2011.

(WDFW 2013) WDFW (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife). 2013.  Priority Habitat and Species List. Olympia, WA. Available at  http://wdfw.wa.gov/publications/00165/wdfw00165.pdf. [Accessed July 2013].

(WDFW 2013b) WDFW (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife). Bald Eagle Management & Protection in Washington State. Available at http://wdfw.wa.gov/conservation/bald_eagle/. [Accessed 9/4/13].

(WDFW 2013c) WDFW (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife).  Salmonscape GIS Database.  Available at: http://wdfw.wa.gov/mapping/salmonscape/index.htm [Accessed May 23, 2013.]

(WDNR 2000) WDNR (Washington Department of Natural Resources). 2013. Available at http://www.dnr.wa.gov/researchscience/topics/aquatichabitats/pages/aqr_nrsh_inventory_projects.aspx [Accessed June 2013]

(Weinheimer 2011) Weinheimer, J., Zimmerman, M., Hanratty, P. 2011.  Mid-Hood Canal Juvenile Salmonid Evaluation: Duckabush 2008-2010, Hamma Hamma 2002–2010. Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife Report FPA 11-07. August 2011.

(Westley 1975) Westley, R E., Finn, E., Carr, M.I., Tarr, M.A., Scholz, A.J., Goodwin, L., Sternberg, R.W., and Collias, E.E. 1975.  Evaluation of Effects of Channel Maintenance Dredging and Disposal on the Marine Environment in Southern Puget Sound, Washington.  Prepared for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Seattle, Washington.

(Williams 1975) Williams, R.W., Laramie, R.M., and Ames, J.J. 1975.  A Catalog of Washington Streams and Salmon Utilization, Volume 1, Puget Sound Region.  Washington State Department of Fisheries. Available at: http://www.streamnetlibrary.org/?page_id=95 [Accessed May 2013]

(WSDA 2011) WSDA (Washington State Department of Agriculture). 2011. Aquatic Antifouling Fact Sheet. http://agr.wa.gov/pestfert/docs/AquaticAntifoulingFactSheet.pdf [Accessed 9/5/2013].

(WSDOT 2013) WSDOT (Washington State Department of Transportation). 2013.  Biological Assessment Preparation for Transportation Projects: Advanced Training Manual.  February 2013.